81. Ernesto Tricomi (1859 – 1929)

Surgeon born in Caltanissetta, he became professor of surgical pathology in Padua, and clinical surgery in Messina, Bologna and Palermo. Tricomi was the first in Italy to perform the removal of the entire left lobe of the liver (1894), and the second total gastrectomy recorded in the literature (1899).

Additional contributions include experiments on hemostasis of the liver with gauze packing and omentopexy, his rapid method of treatment of echinococcus cyst with total extirpation of the echinococcus liver (1899), surgery of the pancreas (1898), and statistics of seventeen operations for splenectomy, seven for malarial hypertrophy, five for ectopy, three for simple hypertrophy, one for leukemic hypertrophy, and one for an echinococcus cyst (1898). Tricomi also described a new method for the treatment of crural hernia consisting in the use of one stitch U form which should include the inguinal ligament of Cooper, the sheaths of the vessels, the pectineal and Gimbernat’s ligaments (1891).

Read more:
1. Modern Italian Surgery and Old Universities of Italy, P. De Vecchi, https://books.google.com/books?id=GikuAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA205&lpg=PA205&dq=%22ernesto+tricomi%22,+surgeon&source=bl&ots=9CSOEOMQ90&sig=E6Xgg31GUVfEW43BCi3ddyzoGwA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiN6_34mNfJAhVN8mMKHfKrBkUQ6AEIHjAB#v=onepage&q=%22ernesto%20tricomi%22%2C%20surgeon&f=false
2. Wikipedia, http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/ernesto-tricomi/

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