132. Cielo d’Alcamo (13th Century)

Poet born in the early 13th century. He is one of the main exponents of the Italian medieval jester poetry. His traditional surname would mean “from Alcamo”, a town in western Sicily. He is known exclusively from the poem “Rosa fresca aulentissima” (“Fresh and very perfumed rose”), contained in a single codex now in the Vatican Library. This work, executed between 1231 and 1250, is written in a southern Italian dialect with several continental influences and represents a parody of the themes of the contemporary Troubador poetry of Provence, as well as of the language used in the “Magna Curia” of literates and scholars at the court of Emperor Frederick II at the time.

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